I will list a few forward fold asana and their benefits from a therapeutic point of view, to give you an idea of their vast application and use. Some of the benefits will be repeated simply because they belong to the same “group” of asana.
Astha Padansana improves digestions, it is used in therapy yoga with a variation of bent knees and it helps to reduce headache, insomnia, high blood pressure.
Marichyasana 1 is useful to reduce constipation, obesity and flatulence.
Janu Sirsasana stimulate the liver and kidneys, relieve symptom of menopause, helps with high blood pressure and insomnia.
Prasarita Padottanasana is good for headache, fatigue and mild depression.
Upavista Konasana which is used for arthritis, sciatica and detox of kidneys and many other asana, helps to stretch the hips, hamstrings and calves. A properly stretched hamstring and calves allow to increase the flexibility and strength of the spine.
In Paschimottanana,Traditional texts say that it reduces obesity, and cures diseases. Stretches the spine, shoulders, hamstrings it also stimulates the liver, kidneys, ovaries, and uterus.
Draping the body over the legs relieves tension in the upper body and also activates the abdominal muscles. While in the posture, the chest expands and contracts following the rhythm of the breath, it gives a wonderful massage of the internal organs mostly because it helps relieving the symptoms of menopause, asthma, insomnia & headaches.